Senin, 18 Maret 2019

A Subjective Insight Of The Future Automobile



A subjective insight of the future automobile by Jeff Darling

The future car, lets say a 2025 model will be a very different machine to its present day Grandfather. They will be packed with computers and safety devices ensuring that not even a stunt driver can crash, and they will run on carbon dioxide and emit strawberry scented oxygen. Well they might.

Predictions of future vehicles are usually wildly inaccurate, by now we should all have space programs to rival NASA based out of our backyard. However some of the automobile related cutting edge technology emerging now may well make it into production models of the future. But how much of this technology will be needed or even wanted? Car design of the present is already influenced by politicians, bureaucrats, health and safety regulations and emissions regulations and the stunning concept seen at the motorshow emerges into the world as a 1.0 litre shopping cart, but at least its legal.

Personally I like the idea of fuel efficient hybrid cars, and fuel cell cars emitting nothing but water. However, like most enthusiasts I also like powerful loud convertibles with with the ability to snap a vertabrae at 10 paces. A sensible mix therefore is required and this will be the job entrusted to car designers and engineers of the future, to make a politically correct car that is also desirable.

Another immenent problem facing designers of the future is coming up with styling ideas that are fresh and new. Some of the more recent concepts are certainly striking but not necessarily beautiful in the classic sense of the word. But if there is one thing the automobile industry is good at that is innovation, and I for one am confident that radical and extreme concepts never before imagined will continue to appear at motorshows around the world.

Computer technology has already taken a firm hold of the automobile and the modern driver is less and less responsible for the actions of their vehicle, soon crash victims will try to sue the electronics companies for accidents they caused because their computer system failed to brake the car even though they were fast asleep at the wheel on a three lane highway. Until you have automation of every single vehicle on every single road computer driven cars are just not feasible, in my mind there are just far too many on-the-road variables, with all the logic in the world you cannot beat a brain. Now computer assisted driving is already available in certain Mercedes models which brake for you if your not looking where your going and your too close to the car in front, but there is still a driver in control of the car, or is there. What if for some reason you wanted to get closer to the car in front, you needed to get closer to the car, if you didn't get closer to the car something terrible would happen to civilization. Where do you draw the line with vehicle automation?

In advanced cities of the future CCTV will be so prevalent that visible crimes such as car theft are all but wiped out, but that still won't stop the determined thief. GPS (Global Positioning System) units fitted as standard to all new automobiles will be able to track any vehicle at anytime anywhere, this technology is already common but more widespread use is inevitable. In the UK the government is already talking about fitting GPS to charge motorists depending on what road they travel on and at what times to cut spiraling congestion. This technology coupled with an improved mobile phone and bluetooth network can be used to track and recover stolen vehicles. When the vehicle is found to be stolen a call can be made which shuts down the engine of the car. At the same time a call is sent out which alerts available nearby police, by using the GPS installed in both the stolen car and the police car officers can track the car even if they cannot see it. The police will also have much more insight into a vehicles record when out on patrol, using bluetooth technology a police car can tail a vehicle and receive information on the owner, the current driver and their driving history, and even find out recent top speed and acceleration figures. Of course who wants that, you think you've just had a fun little blast on your favorite bit of road you get pulled over five miles later and the officer gives you a speeding ticket for something he didn't see. But if this technology is mandatory then what choice do you have.

Access to future automobiles may be very different to the keys of today, push button code entry and keycard systems where the key doesn't even leave you pocket, already available, will become common place. You hear the term keyless entry but it still uses a remote control attached to a key which is then used to start the car. Biometrics which are available on some computer systems and use fingerprinting as a password could be an effective alternative to the key, you could even program it for members of your family deciding between access only for the children or access and drive functions for those with licenses. However I belive it will be some time before this is the only means of vehicle entry or start up, what if you are lending your car to a friend and you cannot be present to allow start up.

Multimedia systems will continue to develop in cars until the point where the "are we there yet" phrase develops into "can we stay here". Manufacturers are continuing to cram more and more video screens into increasingly ingenious places providing a rolling cinematic Dolby 7.0 surround sound experience. DVDs are going to go the way of the VCR with hard disk recording of video being the dominant power much as MP3s are killing off CDs. This MP4 technology will save space in the car and allow for far more footage to be kept on board. Improvements in wireless Internet connections could mean that the larger roads can support Internet capable vehicles and constantly inform the driver with up to date relevant road information. A screen in the dash can display live images to show traffic reports and also predict traffic jams by using the GPS systems in all vehicles to show areas where vehicles have been stopped or are congested, and then supply alternate routes. The sound systems of cars will also improve and become more personalised for the various passengers, with headphone sockets and multiple sound outlets, there might be four different radio stations that can be played at once through the different jacks, and a variety of MP3s that can be played at once.

Passenger safety is already a priority for modern day car manufacturers and this will only increase in importance into the future. The widespread use of airbags will increase, the side impact protection airbags featured in some models have proved to be extremely effective in saving lives, more research and better positioning will continue to improve their performance and reliability. Airbags at the moment can only be deployed once so in a multiple collision crash their effectiveness is voided after the first impact, future airbag systems however may take this into consideration and incorporate multiple single use airbags in one position or reusable airbags which can be inflated several times. Some manufacturers use a dynamic headrest in some high-spec models, these move forward during a collision to stop the head snapping back quite so far and reducing the chance of spinal injury (whiplash.

It has been found that a vehicles bumper and frame height is a very important factor when it comes to safety during a collision, if a vehicle has bumper which is too high it can override the bumper of the other vehicle and plough directly into the passenger compartment putting the occupants at severe risk. Accidents like this usually occur when a average size car collides with a truck or SUV, this mismatch can be avoided by having adjustable ride heights on the larger vehicles, when they are on a smooth road lowering the vehicle to a suitable height would reduce the dangers normally associated with these sorts of collision, as a by product this would also reduce the top heavy nature of trucks and SUVs and rollover accidents could be avoided.

Sensors will be increasingly responsible for predicting and safeguarding against avoidable accidents. Sensors will monitor the road surface scanning for black ice and hazardous conditions, this information will then be displayed to the driver and the vehicle may take appropriate steps to improve traction thus reducing the chance of an accident. The information gathered may also be relayed to a central road monitoring network which can inform other motorists of changing weather conditions, in effect every vehicle would become a roving weather station.

Sensors will also monitor the cars position on the road and if the vehicle is found to be straying from the road or traffic lane an alarm would sound this feature is already found on the Citroen C4 amongst others. Sensors could also monitor the drivers well-being, imaging sensors would track eye movement and if the eyes close for more than a few seconds an alarm would sound to alert the driver. Audi uses sensors on its new A6 which monitor for wet conditions, if found the BOSCH brakes are applied intermittently to wipe off the water and ensure good contact when they are needed, the pressure applied in this process is so slight the driver does not notice. Improved night vision and spatial awareness would help cut down on night time crashes which account for half the road related fatalities each year even though only a quarter of all driving occurs at night. Cadillac already includes infrared night vision as an option on some of its more desirable models, infrared vision does not see light it sees heat and the warmer an object is the more it stand out on the screen. The screen is a heads up display projected onto the windscreen infront of the drivers line of sight allowing the driver to see the real world and also the digital projection. Honda has a similar system with the added ability to identify objects and pick out pedestrians and digitally highlight those which are likely to step into the vehicles path and then emit an audible warning.

New materials are constantly brought into the automotive field, in 2005 Chrysler Daimler began using biological composite materials made from coconut, sisal, jute and other plants. This biological material is used mostly on the interior of the car and finds its way into seat cushions, seat backs, underfloor body panels and interior door panels. One of the benefits of using these biological compounds is that they can be recycled and reused and the manufacturing process involved is far more environmentally friendly than that of conventional synthetic compounds. Ceramics first used in braking by Porsche are becoming increasingly popular, although still very expensive limiting them to exclusive vehicles. The benefits of using ceramics is their high tolerance to intense heat making them suitable for high performance vehicles, and where the heavy use of the brakes is needed regularly. Their ability to perform under these extremes help reduce the brake fade associated with exessive use and high temperatures. Materials first such as carbon fibre and carbon kevlar first used on race cars and famed for their high strength and lightweight properties have now filtered down to the production car level, mainly in high-end vehicles but in due time these composites will begin to appear in the average car, cutting weight and increasing fuel economy whilst maintaining structural rigidity.

In the future car designers will have to explore new themes and find alternative influences for their designs. In an effort to catch peoples eye the designs will have to be increasingly bold and brash often sacrificing the aesthetic balance of the design in attempt to be different in an increasingly 'done before' market. This is not to say all designs are going to be hideous, just some. Another influence to exterior design will be made by law as stricter pedestrian protection laws are enforced requiring the front ends of cars to be 'softer', this thinking has already been introduced on some models, overall though it is difficult to project how this will ultimately affect the face of car design. With the increased use of alternative fuel sources such as the hydrogen fuel cell and hydrogen combustion engine, vehicle bodies may begin reflect the green nature of their power. However I belive this to be a mistake. The Honda Insight Hybrid might have been more of a success had it not been utterly repulsive, people were already wary of its power source and to then make them vomit in disgust at its styling is just not intelligent. Why do all the eco-friendly cars look like a 60's psychedelic nightmare, why can't they just look like a decent concept car with an alternative engine. Things seem to be improving however and BMW's H2R is an undeniably stunning vehicle if somewhat impractical. And hybrid technology is finding its way into mainstream prodution vehicles as an optional power source.

The interior of vehicles will also change, becoming more user friendly and personalised. Ergonomically positioned controls and lumbar support seats with adjustable everything will come as standard to increase driver and passenger comfort and reduce chronic pain and discomfort. Customisable and personalised interior space will also become desirable features on the future automobile. Just as you swap mobile phone covers an entire dash could be swapped to match your mood, if your a little bigger than average why not fit an XXL seat in two easy steps, the possibilities will be endless in order to cater for an increasingly demanding consumer.

Alternative power sources for vehicles are becoming ever more popular. Government incentives will eventually force all but the super rich into environmentally friendly cars, no problem, by then fuel cell cars will be just as rapid as their fossil fuel counterparts but with none of the mess or stench. However it may take some convincing to get a 'petrol head' to put down his piston and pick up a proton exchange membrane cathode, its just not the same is it. Eventually common conventional fuel cars will become classics and extremely sought after by collectors, but not for a long long time.

Find out more about concept vehicles, designs, current vehicles, and strange vehicles at

How To Detail Your Car At A Show Like A Pro In Minutes



Throughout the course of our business, we have the opportunity to attend many car shows to demonstrate and market our products. The shows that we go to might be a casual cruise-in, a local or a national meet. Regardless of the type of show - there is always one thing that stands out ? a nicely detailed car!

Your ride might be a ?driver?, a concourse-quality ?trailer-queen? or even a racecar. No matter what you drive, there is no doubt that a detailed car that ?pops? grabs your attention. And who doesn?t like to drive a nicely detailed car? And if you are a gear-head like me, yes I have a great job!

Some of these shows are meant to be just ?fun?, while others are highly competitive. For example at the Mid America Truck show they have a show and shine. All of these ?Big Rigs? are working trucks. The judges actually use white gloves! These guys even wax the inside of the frame rails ? and detail the tires inside the tread. I couldn?t fathom such detail until I attended the event last year with our Canadian distributor Stephane Gauthier who is well known in the Big Rig Show and Shine circuit. They start detailing their rigs the week before the show.

Assuming that you don?t have a week to dedicate to detailing and staging a car at a show and the judges aren?t using white gloves, I will attempt to share with you tips and techniques for prepping your ride on site at the show. Now, your car might never see water and be towed to the event in an enclosed trailer, or it might be a cruiser and you drive it ? the process is about the same - and can look equally nice ? it?s all in the details!

Let?s assume that we are starting with a fairly clean surface - there is no sense in putting wax and dressings on dirty, soiled or otherwise contaminated surfaces.

Start with the exterior. Think of detailing your vehicle like painting a room ? always start from the top down. The reason for that is if there is any overspray from wax or dressings, you can catch them as you work your way down the surfaces of the vehicle.

If you have a convertible or vinyl top, it?s time to dress it! Let?s talk a little about dressings here. For the most part, there are basically two kinds of dressings for vinyl, rubber and plastic ? they all are either water based or solvent based. You will want to use solvent based dressings for the exterior of your ride ? solvent based dressings won?t wash right off and fall apart like water-based dressings will, and in my opinion give a richer, deeper luster. As well, a solvent based dressing, like our Super Blue will do a better job for conditioning and UV protection.

I always suggest dedicating an applicator to your solvent-based dressing. The reason for this is that you want to do this as efficiently as possible and minimize any clean up of overspray. Start with spraying small amount of dressing on the applicator and wipe the entire top from front to back. Now ? this is where some people stop and they get streaky-looking results. To eliminate this ? repeat the process going from side to side, front to back. This crisscross technique ensures even coverage and eliminates any chance of getting those dreaded streaks when it dries.

If you don?t have a convertible or vinyl top, start with a quick detailer / spray wax and a clean microfiber towel on the roof surface.

Before you begin, let?s talk a little bit about your quick detailer /spray wax and microfiber towel. To get optimum results, you will want to use a quick detailer / spray wax that will not streak. Some will, given the humidity and temperature when they are applied ? the bottom line is you want to enhance the appearance of your ride ? not add smears or streaks. Also look for a quick detailer / spray wax that contains a small amount of carnauba ? as an added benefit you will also be extending the protection of any existing wax you have on your ride. We also recommend using a clean microfiber towel dedicated to this purpose.

When using your quick detailer / spray wax ? a little goes a long way. Just spritz the product lightly. Other than adding more protection and ?pop? to your surface, it will also serve as a lubricant helping to safely float off dust and grime. Our natural tendency is if this much is good, more is better, right? Just like me with laundry detergent ? wrong! All you end up doing is wasting product and making a mess.

The reason that we recommend a microfiber is that if used correctly, it will not scratch the surface of your ride. Don?t treat the microfiber towel like sandpaper ? wipe gently, turning the towel over frequently - let the towel do the work. You won?t be adding any more shine or luster my rubbing hard, and even a microfiber can scratch your paint if you rub hard enough. Just by turning the towel over frequently and wiping off any excess it will easily collect any dust, road grime or bug splatters. I usually concentrate on a concentrate on a 2-foot by 2-foot area at a time ? the old clich? applies here ? inch-by-inch life?s a cinch! Do your entire surface of the roof.

Next, let?s move down to the glass with your quick detailer / spray wax. Now, some of these products don?t work well on glass, but the good ones will, like our Body Shine Showroom Spray Wax. Spritz a little on the glass surfaces, then wipe with a microfiber towel. The microfiber will make it a snap to clean up any contaminants like bug splatter if you drove to the show, and they are highly absorbent to suck up any excess detail spray. Your quick detailer / spray wax will make your windows ?pop?!

Now is the time to start with the front part of your ride. Start at the hood and continue to work your way down. After the hood is wiped off, I move to the front of the vehicle. Repeat the same process, paying particular attention to the nooks and crannies of the grill and other trim of the car, including the headlights and grill.

Staying with the front part of your ride, I then start on the front fenders. Repeat the same process. Don?t worry about any vinyl, rubber or plastic trim; I usually save that for last. Ensure that you hit the chrome with your quick detail / spray wax as well as any painted surfaces. At this point ? take a step back, check it out and admire your work ? things are starting to come together after only a few minutes!

Next, move to the back of the vehicle. Start on another big surface - the trunk lid. After the trunk is done ? continue on to the rear of the vehicle, again doing all painted and chrome surfaces. Next, move on to the rear quarters. I usually then will do both doors and surfaces in between the front and back last.

Now is the time that you want to dress the rubber, plastic and vinyl trim on your ride. Again, I apply the product with an applicator instead of spraying it on ? it saves clean up time. Don?t worry or fret if you get any of the dressing on the adjoining painted or chrome surface ? just wipe it off with your microfiber towel!

After dressing the trim on the body of your ride, move to the wheel wells. Yes ? the wheel wells. Use your dressing to spray under the wheel wells to get it to look like new. It will easily cover up any dust or dirt that you might have accumulated driving to the show or parking at the show and it will look like new! Next hit your tires. There is nothing better looking than fresh-dressed tires - remember - it is all about the details!

Again, I suggest dressing wiping the tires with an applicator for two reasons. First, you will minimize any clean up from overspray. Secondly, we all have personal preferences about shine and finish ? wiping the product on will allow you to get the exact finish that you desire ? the heavier that you apply it the shinier the surface.

As a last step, use your quick detailer / spray wax and microfiber towel on your rims/wheels. This last step allows you to wipe up any excess dressing off your wheels.

Take another break and step back and admire your work. Next ? let?s look at the interior.

Start with cleaning the interior glass. If needed, use a streak free glass cleaner and a microfiber towel dedicated to cleaning glass. Remember to clean up any overspray on the dash and door panels. Using your microfiber towel, wipe any dust off the dashboard, rear deck lid and the rest of your interior trim.

After wiping the interior down, open the door and pay attention to the jambs. Using a quick detailer / spray wax, spritz the surfaces and collect any grime that might be present.

As a final touch, use an aerosol touch up dressing for hard to reach places, like our Dash Vent Magic to dress those hard to reach areas like the conduit that carries wiring for power windows and locks. It will make them look like new!

Open the hood and trunk and wipe down those compartments. Use your spray wax / quick detailer if needed. Pay attention to the seams where the hood and trunk meet the body ? on both sides of the panels ? remember - it?s all in the details!

Grab your lawn chair, get a cold beverage and admire your ride ? and watch as everyone else does.

Kamis, 14 Maret 2019

2007 Kia Rondo Review ? When Did These Things Get So Good?



Korean automaker Kia made its first splash into the American market with uncommonly (if not alarmingly and suspiciously) cheap cars that managed to survive the tricky stateside market, despite numerous quality complaints and styling often beaten out by entries in the Pinewood Derby. Having survived such a battered infancy and placed millions of cars on millions of roads, Kia has had the luxury of getting to stick around long enough to figure out what makes people buy cars, and how to build them accordingly. The Kia Rondo, though not the best car in the lineup, is a very good example of everything Kia is doing right today.

There is no shortage of Kia reviews these days, and the writers are largely the same cynical sorts who had hated the earlier incarnations from the brand, but their tone has changed remarkably. The overriding theme seems to be, "When the hell did Kia start making really great cars?", and I couldn't agree more.



The Kia Rondo is billed as a 7-seat family vehicle, though it looks more like a small wagon or voodoo shrunken minivan. In Europe, Asia and even the curious nethers of Eurasia, they call this popular form the MPV, which is often also called the "multi-purpose vehicle." The styling, however, even in the American market, is perfectly contemporary, so if the looks turn you off too much, this is only a matter of personal taste, and not a reflection on any lack of effort on their part.

My tester was a five-seat configuration, which left me curious about how much capacity those last two passengers must have for claustrophobia in a seven-seat configuration, but in a package this compact, it's easy to see how it's still doable, and the sort of thing you can decide even before a test drive. The last row in any car, even the Mazda5 or bigger, is typically reserved for the smallest members of the family, or last minute tagalongs who lack the ability to capably bitch about seating space in any situation.

The power plant is designed for economy, not sport handling, and it does deliver capably. It outperforms any of my growing-up-era Hondas, and those are cars I still recommend today. The fuel efficiency more than makes up for the lack of gusto, since it's not a shortcoming of the vehicle's designers, but a calculated decision, and one easy to understand with gas prices such as they are as they top the $3 mark.

Last thing about the economy is that it's a total economy package. With a well equipped sticker barely breaking the $20,000 mark (and base models around $16,000), you don't have a whole lot of options in the price range. Not having choices doesn't mean you only have bad choices either. The Kia Rondo is a pretty nice, pretty comfortable, reasonably peppy choice that still lets you carry your passengers (ranked by row in terms of likeability), and does it with degrees of quality and reliability you may not have realized was even on the table.

Guess what, I was surprised myself, but it's on the table.

The cabin is easily 95% ventured on the road to the impossible land of Ideal, which is the thing it took Toyota four-decades to touch, and an improvement over other entry-level vehicles by heaps. Some of the controls aren't quite where you might like them, but I imagine you'll master them within 100-miles of ownership (as I did in the same time on my test). The ride is every bit as comfortable and engineered inside and out for comfort as you should expect from a modern car, but the real kicker (price? comfort? styling? value?) has yet to be mentioned.

It's all about the safety, baby, the safety. Across the board, the Rondo has class-leading safety ratings (five-star for everywhere but the second-row, which is still fully four-stars), with dual front and side airbags, active headrests and seatbelt pretensioners up front, and side curtain airbags for all three-rows. Electronic stability control, tire pressure monitor and Antilock Brakes are standard (yes, I said and meant it when I said standard), so when you're looking at goody options, you don't have to choose between premium sound and safety, which is nice when you don't have to explain the decision to your wife and kids.

It looks better than you might expect, has a flat-floor and cargo capacity far better than you'd expect, and will floor you in every category except for horsepower (and torque, to get technical,) but the balance more than offsets the equation, even with price held off to the side, which you really can't put aside.

Strongly consider the V6 option and take both models out for comparison's sake. The V6 will leave you happier over the long run (and the short run, assuming it's just shy of a quarter-mile), and it's only an extra 5% add to the cost. That's about a thousand smackers on the sticker price, and a downside to the fuel economy of 1mpg city, 2mpg highway. Even at $3/gallon (being liberal) and 15,000 miles/year, that's a difference of $107-$114 per year to take the V6. You have the numbers, so now you can make the decision for yourself.

The rest of the car is a no-brainer, assuming you're in the market. If you're not, of course, it doesn't much matter.

Rabu, 13 Maret 2019

BMW 318i a Very Suitable Family Sedan



The signature BMW registered in the first ten months of the year one of the most significant increases in sales refers to the European market. So far this year the Bavarian manufacturer has sold 443,016 units, up 4 percent from the same period of 2000. One of the culprits of these positive sales, taking into account the current situation of the automotive market, the BMW 318i is a vehicle equipped with a powerful gasoline engine, exceptional finishes and enviable comfort and performance.

 The highlight of this BMW in the exterior design of the grid is the change that has been introduced this year in the series 3 and just incorporates, for example, the number 7. The outer shapes are rounded over previous models and following European trends already reflected in models of brands such as Audi or Volkswagen. We can easily observe that there is sudden increase in BMW exports to Africa from Germany and even from other countries where BMWs are assembled. The demand of used BMW 318I is mainly from African countries like Uganda, Zambia, Tanzania, Kenya, Mozambique and South Africa. Though Africa is considered as a market of used cars from Japan which is now changing rapidly and we can observe cars from USA and EU these days.

 Where there have been significant changes was inside. Kept inside care and accurate finishes, if somewhat sober. Nor is it a vehicle intended for a young audience, but could use a few touches somewhat happier, without losing sight of the elegance of which is equipped with the dashboard and upholstery.

 The functionality is ahead inside the 318i. Watches are very clear reading the different devices are at hand. From left to right, we find the precise marker tank, the tachometer, speedometer and water thermometer and below the second, a display that is operated from the control of intermittent offered by the odometer, total, the average consumption and the average speed since the beginning of the run. Simply press the knob slightly to reset the item you wish to control.

 In the center console found the air conditioning system and stereo, both with screens as clear and functional as expected. It also has two holes that open-top light pressure on them to save, for example, keys or mobile, making these holes are the most appropriate. The glove box is large, but there is some difficulty to access it from the driving position, its location is a bit low.

 Habitability is good both for the driver and front passenger positions to the rear seats. All five seats have ample legroom. The distance between the tracks (1.481 meters, 1.493 meters ahead and behind) provides the actual model and spacious interior feeling. The front seats hold correctly, its regulation is electric and intuitive, this, together with the regulation of safety belts, resulting in a very comfortable driving position. These features are also present in good working condition in used BMW 318I which are being imported in many developing countries like in Uganda, Africa.

 The rear seats have two belts with three anchor points and one with two anchor points for the middle rear seat, which also has no headrest. The impression is that, although it is approved for five seats, the ideal is to be occupied by four people, although there is room for five. The power windows are located next to the handbrake and next two holes to save more useful objects. The central locking system is in the driver's door at the height of the lights that are activated, as in many other vehicles of German origin, using a wheel for lights and for low light. Main beam of xenon as an option, are operated from the left knob inward to fix, and out to the gusts. Next to the wheel lights are buttons for the fog lights, height adjustment of the headlights and contrast panel light indicators. The regulation of the exterior mirrors is also electrically operated from the driver's door.

 The luggage compartment of 440 liters is quite large and can accommodate many travel packages for a longer or shorter. In addition, the hollow in the right can be used to store, for example, the folder of vehicle documents, a travel guide or even a few bottles that do not want to move.

 The BMW 318i comes out of 4,575,615 pesetas with standard equipment that includes four airbags (driver, passenger, front side and head), anti-lock brakes, height adjustable driver's seat, central locking with remote control, climate control , stability control and traction, power steering, electric front windows, adjustable steering wheel height and reach adjustable headlights automatically. To this we must add the optional elements, which increase the model all you want, up to a million or two more,a matter of taste.

Selasa, 12 Maret 2019

Ford Mustang 428 Cobra Jet Mach 1



Mustang is a muscle car in it is own class. It just command respect without making a sound. Mickey Thomson shows us what you can do with a classic cars, given talent and persistence. The engine in 1967 when the 390 and was the best engine Ford could come up with. Inside, restyled all new flight deck for 1969 with a twin pod dashboard, high back bucket seats with knitted vinyl, an optional fold down rear seat, a sporty clock and rich, molded door panels. It had a super slippery roof line, streamlined front end with twin set headlamps and on top.

Optional shaker hood scoop others would copy ad and in the years ahead it coined the shaker first. This was designed to familiarize us with history in an age when modifying a vintage Pony has become fashionable again. This was not built for personal expression, but to share a time in history we will likely never see again. When you stop and think about the Ford Cobra Jet Mach 1, high performance is one of the first things that comes to mind.



That is a wide selection, where you could be tailor made to suit your needs and whims. When you are out on a Saturday night around Sacramento, California, you better be wary of any black Sports Roof Mustang you roll up next to, because those little numbers on the hood scoop are hard to read. I answered multiple ads and looked at cars all over the country. The engine, a woolly 428 Cobra Jet, is the biggest thing Ford shoehorned for '68 ? -'70, outside of the 429 Boss.

The 428 Cobra Jet is a rare and extremely desirable option, transforming the original Pony Car into a seriously quick piece of machinery. For 1970, it underwent a minor restyle, with single headlamps inside the grille and simulated air intakes at the front and a new rear end. According to Kevin Marti, there were 3,959 Mustangs built in 1970 with the 428 Cobra Jet engine and these are amongst the most sought after of all big blocks, combining bags of style with shattering performance. History A very special car, this matching numbers 1970 Mach 1 is one of only 320 built with the desirable 428 Cobra Jet and factory four-speed gearbox specification, as detailed in the Marti report and the verification reports that accompany the vehicle.

Recently imported into Australia, the Mustang comes with the approved Certificate, original dealer invoice and receipts to be supplied on sale. It comes with new tires and Magnum 500 wheels, although the original rims, spare and springs will be supplied. To deal with the common running hot issues these big block Cobra Jets are plagued with, we installed a pusher fan to help move the air along a little better. Power rack and pinion steering and tubular upper and lower control arms help correct some of the steering and handling issues that were plagued with.

By 1968 to 1969, Ford deleted the 427 and mechanical valve lifters from its lineup and, as a result, the Mustang 428 Cobra Jet is not represented in the fastest classes. Like the Mustangs, the Barracudas and Challengers equipped with the 440 cubic inch wedge motors topped by three, two barrel carburetors are extremely quick, but unless their horsepower ratings are elevated enough to move them into the eight pounds per horsepower class, they likely will not be the first nine second car. I have a 69 Mach 1 original is it worth more repainted or left original.

The 427 powered Ford you described. As recent as June 2003 Mustang Monthly chronicles the history of this car with a great article and color photos. The Mustang is a Ford Factory drag car, Not a modified back yard weekend quarter miler. There are not a ton of fastback Cobra Jets running around out there to begin with, but the first 50 of them produced were factory lightweights. Sports roof cars accounted for the majority of Cobra Jet production: 1,044 cars out of 1,299 overall, including the 50 prototypes, according to the 428 Cobra Jet Registry.